Mountain Architecture: An Alternative Design Proposal
for the
Wy'East Day Lodge, Mount Hood Oregon

by Thomas P. Deering, Jr.


Supervisor of Ironwork, Federal Art Project

On-Line Resources


Newspaper Articles [Text versions to be published on-line in the near future] Other Publications
  • Oliver [Orion] B. Dawson - The Ironwork of Timberline - Oregon Historical Quarterly - Vol LXXVI, No. 3 - September 1975, Oregon Historical Society
  • Rachel Force - Blacksmith: The Significance and Preservation of O.B. Dawson's Ironwork for the WPA - Thesis, M.S. Historic Preservation, Univeristy of Oregon, 2004
    Abstract: Orion Benjamin Dawson was a master blacksmith, working in Oregon, who produced numerous artworks in iron for the Federal Art Project under the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression. The Art Project sponsored artists in a variety of mediums and set a precedent for federal support of the arts. Due to WPA support, Dawson produced ornamental ironwork for the public on a scale that would otherwise have been impossible. His work during this period was primarily focused on ironwork projects at the University of Oregon, Oregon State University and Timberline Lodge. No major study of Dawson's work has previously been undertaken. This thesis demonstrates the historical, cultural and artistic significance of this work. By presenting a survey of Dawson’s projects for the WPA from 1935 to 1941 the first step of a preservation plan is achieved, that of documenting the resources. Finally, the thesis provides recommendations for continued preservation.


Orion B. Dawson

Dawson 4/21/27
(Wedding portrait)

Dawson c. 1976

Dawson & Wife (1974)

The 1930s Dawson Workshop Dawson is third from the right, pointing to the anvil. (Click on photo to enlarge.)

The Timberline Dining Room Gates (Click on photo to enlarge.)

On-Line Resources


Most of the above was supplied to me by one of Orion's daughters.
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Master of Architecture Thesis
(M. Arch - University of Washington - 1986)

Extensive copying of this thesis is allowable only for scholarly purposes,
consistent with "fair use" as described in the U.S. Copyright Law.
Any other reproduction for any purpose or by any means
shall not be allowed without my written permission.

Copyright 1986 © Thomas P. Deering, Jr.